mind-blowing facts about the DNA

DNA and mind-blowing facts about the DNA

DNA

DNA was first discovered by j. Watson and F. Crick in 1953. DNA is a molecule that carries genetic information from parent to offspring. Scientists have discovered the human body facts and mind-blowing facts about the DNA structure, development, growth, and reproduction in living organisms. They are found in every living cell as well as in viruses.

mind-blowing facts about the DNA
mind-blowing facts about the DNA

Structure of DNA

DNA is also called deoxyribonucleic acid, these are complex biomolecules composed of units called nucleotides. The composition of DNA nucleotide is based on the following three things,

  • A five-carbon sugar called deoxyribose sugar is present in the nucleotide of DNA.
  • A nitrogen-containing organic base of four types, cytosine, thymine, adenine, and guanine are also present in the nucleotide of DNA.
  • A phosphate group is the third component of the nucleotide of DNA.

The five-carbon sugar and a phosphate group make the backbone of each chain of DNA  and two chains are linked through bases.


mind-blowing facts about the DNA

scientists discovered mind-blowing facts about the DNA structure, development, and reproduction in living organisms, some of the interesting facts are the following:

  • The length of the DNA of each cell is 6 feet or 2 meters, that length is taller than an average human.
  • If all the DNA in our body cells was put end to end, it would reach the sun and back 600 times.
  • If we want to store all the data of the existing world then only 2 gram DNA can store this data.
  • Do you know 99.9% of the DNA sequence is the same in all humans? The change in eye color, hair color, and height among individuals is due to only 0.1% of DNA.
  • DNA is made of over 20,000 genes. Genes are responsible for our body structure like eye color and ear shape.
  • Our red blood cells which carry oxygen to the lungs do not have a DNA and nucleus.
  • As cells divide, DNA makes an exact copy of itself, so new cells have the same DNA. This process is called DNA duplication.

CONCLUSION

Except for these mind-blowing facts about DNA DNA is also responsible for many functions in our body like our body structure, growth, and reproduction in living organisms. DNA is a gift from Allah Almighty for the human being as well as all living organisms.

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